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The Roaring Twenties - Business and Economy

Pre-Statehood Era: 1700-1818

Early Statehood: 1818-1861

Civil War Era: 1861-1865

Late 19th Century: 1866-1900

Early 20th Century: 1900-1914

World War I: 1914-1918

Roaring Twenties: 1918-1929

Great Depression: 1930-1941

World War II: 1941-1945

Cold War Era: 1946-1991

Millennium: 1991-Present

Lesson Plans


Industry and Labor

"Arrests Foil I.W.W. Slacker Plot in Mills," October 12th, 1918

  • Congress and President Wilson passed the Sedition Act in 1918, which criminalized written or spoken statements which could be construed as condemning the government or advocating interference with the war effort. This article describes the arrest of two men accused of leading the International Workers of the World, (an anarchist labor organization), in a plot to spread opposition of the war and support for German among the steel workers of Joliet.

  • Citation: "Arrests Foil I.W.W. Slacker Plot in Mills" from the Chicago Tribune, October 12, 1918.

"Debs' Sentence Confirmed by Supreme Court," March 11th, 1919

  • In 1917, Congress and President Wilson passed the Espionage Act, prohibiting spying, interfering with the draft, and making "false statements" that might impede military success. Eugene V. Debs, leader of the Socialist Party and five-time candidate for President in the early 20th century, was convicted under the Espionage Act for statements he made in June 1918, which allegedly obstructed recruitment and enlistment in the armed forces.

  • Citation: "Debs' Sentence Confirmed by Supreme Court" from the Chicago Tribune. March 11, 1919.

"A Special Request to the Miners of Mt. Olive, Illinois," November 12th, 1923

  • "Mother" Mary Harris Jones made Mt. Olive, the burial place of the miners killed at the 1898 "Virden massacre", a favorite stopping place during her time as a labor organizer in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. She admired these martyrs of labor so much that she requested to be buried with them at the Union Miners Cemetery in Mt. Oliver, and called Illinois "the best organized labor state in America."

  • Citation: "A Special Request to the Miners of Mt. Olive, Illinois" from the Macoupin County Misc. Records, November 12, 1923, Vol. 332. 292.