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Early 20th Century Race Relations

Pre-Statehood Era: 1700-1818

Early Statehood: 1818-1861

Civil War Era: 1861-1865

Late 19th Century: 1866-1900

Early 20th Century: 1900-1914

World War I: 1914-1918

Roaring Twenties: 1918-1929

Great Depression: 1930-1941

World War II: 1941-1945

Cold War Era: 1946-1991

Millennium: 1991-Present

Lesson Plans


African American

"Mob Will Feel Weight of Law," August 17th, 1908

  • Detailed article describing many aspects of the 1908 Springfield race riot aftermath: Governor Deneen ordered prosecution of rioters; soldiers occupied the city streets; Springfield residents felt passive sympathy towards mob; blacks fled the city.

  • Citation: "Mob Will Feel Weight of Law" from the Chicago Tribune, August 17, 1908.

"A Negro Town in Illinois," The Independent, August 27th, 1908 / Summary by Page

  • A profile of Brooklyn, IL. The town was believed to have been founded by runaway slaves in 1858, and was governed and populated almost exclusively by blacks.

  • Citation: Summers, Iverson B. "A Negro Town in Illinois." The Independent, Issue 65, no. 3117, August 27, 1908. 464-470.

"The Race War in the North," The Independent, September 3rd, 1908

  • "The Race War in the North" by William English Walling assesses the race riot that occurred in Springfield from 14th to the 15th of August in 1908. Walling asserts that white residents initiated a permanent race war. He notes the incident occurred in an important and historical northern city with a small black population, and coincided with attempts to disenfranchise blacks. The article also features photographs from Springfield.

  • Citation: Walling, William English. "The Race War in the North." The Independent, Issue 65, no. 3118, September 3, 1908. 529-534.