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The Millennium - Race Relations

Pre-Statehood Era: 1700-1818

Early Statehood: 1818-1861

Civil War Era: 1861-1865

Late 19th Century: 1866-1900

Early 20th Century: 1900-1914

World War I: 1914-1918

Roaring Twenties: 1918-1929

Great Depression: 1930-1941

World War II: 1941-1945

Cold War Era: 1946-1991

Millennium: 1991-Present

Lesson Plans


Hispanic American 

Maria Lucas Bibliography Excerpt

  • This excerpt is taken from the book transcribed by Fran Leeper Buss from hundreds of hours of interviews with Maria Elena Lucas. It tells the life story of Lucas, from working on a farm and being sprayed by pesticides by a crop-dusting plane, to her work with the Farm Labor Organizing Committee. She continues to be an activist for migrant workers in the United States. 

  • Citation: Buss, Fran Leeper, ed. Forged Under the Sun/ Forjada bajo el sol: The Life of Maria Elena Lucas. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1993. 194-195. Used by permission of the University of Michigan Press.