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Late 19th Century - Race Relations

Pre-Statehood Era: 1700-1818

Early Statehood: 1818-1861

Civil War Era: 1861-1865

Late 19th Century: 1866-1900

Early 20th Century: 1900-1914

World War I: 1914-1918

Roaring Twenties: 1918-1929

Great Depression: 1930-1941

World War II: 1941-1945

Cold War Era: 1946-1991

Millennium: 1991-Present

Lesson Plans


African American

Law Concerning Schools, 1874

  • This series of acts did a variety of things for the public school system. The first act authorizes the election of women into school offices, the second and third act deal with administrative issues, and the fourth act protected colored children’s rights to attend school without threats or intimidation. All four were passed in 1874.

  • Citation: Gross, William L., ed. The Statutes of Illinois: An Analytical Compilation of All the General Laws of the State in Force at the Present Time, Volume III: Acts of 1873-4. Cambridge, MA: Riverside Press, H. O. Houghton & Company, 1874. 395-397.

Brief Mention of Slavery in the Memoir of Edward William West, 1895

  • This memoir touches upon the issue of slavery in the new territory and state of Illinois, and shares the author's own views on the subject. 

  • Citation: West, Edward William. Memoirs: Record of the Events in the Life and Times of Edward William West, Belleville, Illinois, A.D. 1895 in "Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society," vol. 22, no. 2. July, 1929. 5-6.

"Wanted! 175 Colored Miners!" Flyer, 1898

  • Flyer created by the owners of the Chicago-Virden Coal Company in Virden, IL, which was distributed in Birmingham, AL to advertise jobs for African-American miners in the Virden mine. The labor dispute occurring at Virden is not mentioned in the flier. When the African-American miners arrived via train, a shoot-out took place between the Illinois miners and hired guards on the train. 

  • Credit: This image is courtesy of Dr. Rosemay Feurer, professor of history at Northern Illinois University.