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World War I Race Relations

Pre-Statehood Era: 1700-1818

Early Statehood: 1818-1861

Civil War Era: 1861-1865

Late 19th Century: 1866-1900

Early 20th Century: 1900-1914

World War I: 1914-1918

Roaring Twenties: 1918-1929

Great Depression: 1930-1941

World War II: 1941-1945

Cold War Era: 1946-1991

Millennium: 1991-Present

Lesson Plans



"Negroes Plan to Be Neighbors of Evanston Elks," February 6th, 1918

  • Discrimination existed in the north as well as the Jim Crow south, as evidenced by this article in the Chicago Tribune, appearing February 6th, 1918. The author's use of words like "threatening" and "invasion" to describe the possibility that a club of African-Americans might purchase land next to a white Elks clubhouse shows just how strongly whites felt about maintaining segregation.

  • Citation: "Negroes Plan to Be Neighbors of Evanston Elks" from the Chicago Tribune, February 6, 1918.

Other Minorities

Photo of Italian Workers in Chicago Heights Neighborhood

  • This photo was taken on August 14, 1915. The back of the photo reads "Onion set clippers leaving for Chicago Heights. These people, mostly of Italian descent, worked on the farms during onion harvest. They took the train to and from Chicago Heights. The farmers would meet them with their wagons and trunks and bring them out to the farms." 

  • Credit: This image is used with the permission of the South Holland Historical Society, located in the lower level of the South Holland Public Library in South Holland, IL.