There is a common misconception that the job possibilities for geographers are limited to either teachers/professors or cartographers. In reality, geographers hold a wide range of jobs, from government analyst, planners of various types, conservationist, travel agent, airline pilot, journalist, meteorologist, climatologist, spatial analyst, and many more, including military positions - both enlisted and civilian.
One of our professional organizations, the American Association of Geographers (AAG), has a wealth of information on careers in Geography, including salary and employment trends, examples of where geographers work, and profiles of practicing geographers: http://www.aag.org/careers.
Many of our students also go on to further their education at graduate programs across the U.S., and even Canada.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median yearly pay for professional geographers was $74,760 in 2012, and employment of geographers is projected to grow 29% from now until the year 2022, much faster than the average for all occupations. In addition, the U.S. Department of Labor has designated Geospatial Technology as a high growth industry.
Also, be sure to visit Geography's entry on the "What can I do with this Major?" website for more career ideas.