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Dr. Zhiwei  Liu

Dr. Zhiwei Liu

Office: 2114 - Life Science Annex
Phone: 217-581-8319
Email: zliu@eiu.edu
http://ux1.eiu.edu/~zliu/

Frequently Taught Courses

BIO4984 Evolution
BIO5225 Systematics

Research

My primary research interests surround the phylogenetics, systematics, and evolution of cynipoid wasps (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea). My earlier research focused on phylogeny and historical biogeography of the “macrocynipoid” wasps (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea) parasitizing wood-boring insects using morphology characters to reconstruct phylogeny. My systematic work also includes taxonomical studies, including revisions and description of new species. My coauthors and I have described 90 new species of the liopterid genus Paramblynotus in a recent systematic treatment of the genus.

In recent years, my research interests have expanded to include related fields under the umbrella theme of evolution, including mating pattern and population structure of the American beaver, population genetics and conservation of red squirrels in Eastern Illinois, phenotypic plasticity and adaptation of grasshoppers, and diversity and evolution of Wolbachia associated with cynipid gall communities, and host plant mediated speciation in Cynipidae.  
 

Publications

Vilhelmsen L., S. M. Blank, Z. Liu, and D. R. Smith. 2013 Discovery of new species confirms Oriental origin of Orussus Latreille (Hymenoptera: Orussidae). Insect Systematics & Evolution (in press).

Zhao, L.,D-H Zhu, Z. Liu, and X-H Yang. 2013. PCR detection and sequence analysis of the wsp gene of Wolbachia in four North American gall wasps. Journal of Applied Entomology, 50,(in press)

Zhu DH, Cui SS, Fan YS, Liu Z. 2013. Adaptive strategies of overwintering adults: Reproductive diapause and mating behavior in a grasshopper, Stenocatantops splendens (Orthoptera: Catantopidae). Insect Science 20, 235–244 (Insect Science, 20,DOI 10.1111/j.1744-7917.2011.01493.x, (On line, SCI)

Deng, T., D.-G. Zhang,Z. Liu, G. C. Tucker,H. Sun, J. Wen, and Z-L. Nie. 2013. Oxalis wulingensis (Oxalidaceae), an unusual new species from central China. Systematic Botany, 38(1): 1–8.

Engel, M. and Z. Liu. 2012. A new species of ibaliid wasp in Baltic amber (Hymenoptera, Ibaliidae). Journal of Entomological Society of Kansas, 85(2), 2012, pp. 164–168.

Liu. Z., X-H. Yang, and D-H Zhu. 2012 A New Species of Saphonecrus Dalla Torre et Kieffer, 1910 (Cynipidae, Hymenoptera) from Hunan, China. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 105(4): 555-561.

Yang, X-H, D-H Zhu, Z. Liu, and L. Zhao. 2012. Sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of the wsp gene of Wolbachia in three geographic populations of an oak gall wasps, Andricus mairei (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae), from Hunan in south China. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 55: 247-254.

Wang, Y-P, Z. Liu, X-X Chen. 2012. Study on eastern Palaearctic cynipid inquilines I – the genus Ceroptres Hartig, 1840 with descriptions of two new species (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae: Cynipinae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 105(3): 377-385.

Cao, Ch-Q, Z. Liu, S-Z Chen, & Ch. Tong. 2012. The swimming behavior of the aquatic larva of Neoneuromus ignobilis (Megaloptera: Corydalidae: Corydalinae). Acta Entomologica Sinica, 55(1): 133-138. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Lu, P., D. Zhu, X. Yang, Z. Liu 2012. Phylogenetic analysis of mtDNA COI gene suggests cryptic species in Dryocosmus kuriphilus associated with certain populations of Chinese chestmnuts (Castanea spp.). Chinese Journal of Applied Entomology,49(1): 161-167.

Li B, Liu Z, Zheng ZM. 2011. Phylogeny and classification of the Catantopidae at the tribal level (Orthoptera, Acridoidea). ZooKeys 148: 209-255. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.148.2081.

 W. Beatty, Z. Liu, E. Latch, and T. Nelson. 2011. Genetic Assessment of the Red Squirrel in Illinois: Immigrants or Exotics? Journal of Wildlife Management, 75(5):1236–1242.

Jutras, B. L., Z. Liu, C. A. Brissette. 2010. Simultaneous Isolation of Ixodidae and Bacterial (Borrelia spp.) Genomic DNA. Current Protocols in Microbiology, 19:1E.2.1-1E.2.11., John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Zhao, L-Q, D-H Zhu,and Z. Liu. 2010. Geographical Variation in Diapause Intensity and Threshold Temperature in the Eggs of a Cricket, Teleogryllus emma (Orthoptera: Gryllidae). Entomological News 121(3):236-242.

Liu, Z. and M. Engel. (2010). Baltic amber Ibaliidae (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea): A new genus with implications for the phylogeny and historical biogeography of the family. Systematic Entomology, 35 (1): 164-171. 

Zhu, D., Y. Yang, and Z. Liu. (2009). Reversible change in embryonic diapause intensity by mild temperature in the Chinese rice grasshopper, Oxya chinensis. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 133:1-8. 

Crawford*, J. C., Z. Liu, T. A. Nelson, C. K. Nielsen, and C. K. Bloomquist. (2009). Genetic population structure within and between beaver (Castor canadensis) populations in Illinois. Journal of Mammalogy, 90(2):373-379. 

Crawford*, J. C., Z. Liu, T. A. Nelson, C. K. Nielsen, and C. K. Bloomquist. 2008. A Comparison of Field and Molecular Techniques for Sexing Beavers. Journal of Wildlife Management 72(8):1805–1807.

Crawford*, J.C., Z. Liu, T. A. Nelson, C. K. Nielsen, and C. K. Bloomquist. (2008) Characterization of Microsatellite Loci in the Beaver (Castor canadensis). Molecular Ecology Resources 3: 616 - 618.

Crawford*, J.C., Z. Liu, T. A. Nelson, C. K. Nielsen, and C. K. Bloomquist. (2008) Microsatellite analysis of mating and kinship in beavers (Castor canadensis). Journal of Mammalogy 89(3): 575–581.

Z. Liu, M. Engel, and D. Grimaldi (2007) Phylogeny and Geological History of the Cynipoid Wasps (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea). Natural History Novitates,3583: 1-48.

Liu, Z., Nordlander, G., and Ronquist, F. (2007) Systematics, Phylogeny, and Historical biogeography ofParamblynotus Cameron, 1908 (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Liopteridae). Bulletins of the American Museum of Natural History, 466, 1-150.

Liu, Zhiwei, Fredrik Ronquist, Göran Nordlander (2007) The cynipoid genus Paramblynotus : revision, phylogeny, and historical biogeography (Hymenoptera, Liopteridae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, no. 304: 1-151. (pdf )

Liu, Zhiwei, Michael S. Engel, and David A. Grimaldi (2007) Phylogeny and geological history of the cynipoid wasps (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea). American Museum novitates, no. 3583: 1-48. (pdf)

Z. Liu, and Ronquist, F. (2006) Ch.98 Cynipidae, (In) Fernández F. & M.J. Sharkey (eds) Introducción a los Hymenoptera de la Región Neotropical, Serie Entomología Colombiana, Sociedad Colombiana de Entomología, Bogotá D.C., Colombia, p839-849. (In Spanish)

Buffington, M., Z. Liu, and Ronquist, F. (2006) Ch.94 Cynipoidea, (In) Fernández F. & M.J. Sharkey (eds) Introducción a los Hymenoptera de la Región Neotropical, Serie Entomología Colombiana, Sociedad Colombiana de Entomología, Bogotá D.C., Colombia, p811-823. (In Spanish)

Ronquist, F. and Z. Liu (2006) Ch.95 Ibaliidae, (In) Fernández F. & M.J. Sharkey (eds) Introducción a los Hymenoptera de la Región Neotropical, Serie Entomología Colombiana, Sociedad Colombiana de Entomología, Bogotá D.C., Colombia, p825-826. (In Spanish)

Ronquist, F. and Z. Liu (2006) Ch.96 Liopteridae, (In) Fernández F. & M.J. Sharkey (eds) Introducción a los Hymenoptera de la Región Neotropical, Serie Entomología Colombiana, Sociedad Colombiana de Entomología, Bogotá D.C., Colombia, p827-828. (In Spanish)

Conference Presentations

Liu, Z. 2012. Early evolution and host use in the order of Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.

Liu. Z. 2011. Early evolution and host use in the gallwasp family (Cynipidae, Hymenoptera). Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing.

Liu, Z. 2011. Early evolution and host use in the order of Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). Department of Entomology, University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana.

Liu. Z. and J. Crawford. 2011. Family structure and population genetics of the American Beaver, decoding an ancient myth using microsatellite markers. College of Conservation Biology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing.

Liu, Z.2011. Early evolution of and ongoing host-mediated sympatric speciation of gallwasps (Cynipoidea: Hymenoptera). Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha.

Ginder, D. and Liu Z. 2010. Gall making insects as plant taxonomists. EIU Botany Club.

Liu. Z. and J. Crawford. 2010. Who is the dad? – Decoding family structure and population genetics of the American Beaver using microsatellite markers. College of Life Sciences, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha.

Liu. Z. 2010. Early evolution and diversification of host use of Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). College of Life Sciences, Hebei University, Baoding.

Liu. Z. 2009. Phylogenetics and Testable Hypotheses: a case study of Ibaliid Wasps. Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing.

Liu. Z. 2009. Mini workshop: Plant galls and gall makers. College of Life Sciences, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha.

Liu, Z. 2008. Host plant preference and Sympatric speciation in gall making species. Jishou University, Jishou, Hunan, China.

Liu, Z. 2008. Diversity of gall making insects and their interaction with host plants, with special emphasis on Cynipidae wasps. Cincinnati Museum Center Advanced Naturalist Workshops series 4, Richard and Lucile Durrell Edge of Appalachia Preserve, Ohio.

Liu, Z. 2008. Collecting and identifying galls and their makers. Cincinnati Museum Center Advanced Naturalist Workshops series 4, Richard and Lucile Durrell Edge of Appalachia Preserve, Ohio.

Liu. Z & G. Tucker. 2008. Culture & science behind plant use in China – an introduction to the Ethnobotany in China Program. Eastern Illinois University Botany Club.

Beatty*, W. S., Z. Liu, and T. A. Nelson. 2008. A genetic assessment of the red squirrel in Illinois: natives, immigrants, or exotics? Illinois State Chapter of the Wildlife Society Annual Meeting, Peoria, Illinois, Oral Presentation.

Beatty*, W.S., Z. Liu, and T.A. Nelson, 2007, A Genetic Assessment of the Red Squirrel in Illinois: Natives, Immigrants or Exotics? The 68th Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference in Madison, Wisconsin.

Beatty, W. S.*, Z. Liu, T. A. Nelsen. 2007. Poster. Intraspecific phylogeography and population genetics of the red squirrel in Illinois. 99th Annual Meeting of the Illinois State Academy of Science, Springfield, Illinois.

Crawford*, J.C., Z. Liu, T. A. Nelson, C. K. Nielsen, and C. K. Bloomquist. 2007. Genetic Analysis of Mating and Kinship in Beavers. International Beaver Ecology and Management Conference, Phoenix, AZ.

Crawford*, J.C., Z. Liu, T. A. Nelson, C. K. Nielsen, and C. K. Bloomquist. 2007. Genetic Variation in Beavers (Castor canadensis). Illinois Chapter of The Wildlife Society, Moline, IL.

Crawford*, J. C., Z. Liu, and T. A. Nelson. 2006. A Comparison of Two Molecular Methods for Sex Determination in Beaver (Castor canadensis). Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference, Omaha, NE. 

Crawford*, J. C., Z. Liu, and T. A. Nelson. 2006. A Comparison of Two Molecular Methods for Sex Determination in Beaver (Castor canadensis). Illinois Chapter of The Wildlife Society, Rend Lake, IL.

Crawford*, J. C., Z. Liu, and T. A. Nelson. 2006. Poster. A Comparison of Two Molecular Methods for Sex Determination in Beaver (Castor canadensis). Midwest Ecology and Evolution Conference, St. Louis, MO.

Liu, Z. 2007. Deep history of Cynipoidea and evolution of cynipid gall wasp host associations (Cynipoidea, Hymenoptera). Institute of Zoology, Academy of Sciences of China, Beijing (The same contents were also presented in Shandong Agricultural University, Nanjing Agricultural University, and Central South University of Forestry and Technology).

Liu, Z. 2006. Phylogeny and Geological History of the Cynipoid Wasps (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea). Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, Indianapolis, IN (poster).

Liu, Z. 2006. The cynipoid genus Paramblynotus: Revision, Phylogeny, and Historical biogeography (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Liopteridae). Annual Meeting of the North Central Branch of the Entomological Society of America, Bloomington, IL (poster)

Liu, Z. 2006. The origins and evolution of Herbivory within the parasitic cynipoid wasps. Invited keynote speech, The 3rd Annual Department of Biological Sciences Student Research Symposium, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL.



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