The Art of Understanding an American icon-Ben Franklin
|Overview:||The British colonists were beginning to create an "American Identity". Our nation's character was shaped by colonial education, movements in science and reasoning, the publishing industry and ideas of self-government. Ben Franklin was a contemporary of the Age of Enlightenment. He influenced many American Values we still cherish today such as being an entrepreneur, instilling hard work, being thrifty, having self-reliance, ensuring the right to free-expression and practicing philanthropy.|
|Time Required:||Two class periods of 50 minutes.|
|Discipline/Subject:||Social Studies, American History|
|Era:||Settlement, Beginning to 1763, The American Revolution, 1763-1783|
|Illinois Learning Standards:||Social Studies:
16.A-Apply the skills of historical analysis and interpretation.
18.B-Understand the roles and interactions of individuals and groups in society.
18.B.3b-Analyze how individuals interact with and within institutions.
5.A-Locate, organize, and use information from various sources to answer questions, solve problems, and communicate ideas.
5.C-Apply acquired information, concepts and ideas to communicate in a variety of formats.
|Handouts:||Copies of primary source for learning groups, 4 copies per group, 5-6 groups per class.|
|Analysis Tools:||Photo Analysis Guides (available on PDF)|
|Rubric:||Rebus Ode to Franklin (available on PDF)|
|Library of Congress Items:||Title of Source: The Art of Making Money|
|Title of Source: Poor Richard, 1939, An Almanack for the Year of Christ 1739|
|Online Resources:||Title of Source: Readers Theatre for Literacy and Presentation|
|1.||Previous to this lesson, the class had studied the growth of the 13 colonies, commerce, trade, and how the British colonists developed differently than their European counterparts. The class has discussed the emerging "American Identity" by making posters of American values.|
|2.||Have the class read a play about Ben Franklin to give them background about his life, character and background. A Readers' Theatre Script Adapted from Susan Nanus's Play Ben Franklin.|
|3.||The class is divided into five or six cooperative learning groups. Each groups is given a copy of "The Art of Making Money Plenty" by Ben Franklin and an analysis sheet (pdf), each group will share what they have decoded and what they think Ben was saying. They will describe the philosophy of money and whether they believe this advice is still useful today. The whole class will then engage in discussion and questions about the primary source.|
|1.||When all groups have completed their analysis, discussion and analysis guide sheet, each group will share what they have decoded and what they think Ben was saying. They will describe the philosophy of money and whether they believe this advice is still useful today. The whole class will then engage in discussion and questions about the primary source.|
The teacher will evaluate the lesson through engagement during learning group activities, time on task in groups, group reports to the class, class participation in discussion and individual rebus extension activity. Rubrics will be used to assess the extension activity.
As an extension activity students can look at some of Ben Franklin's sayings from his Poor Richard's almanac. Students can choose one saying from one of Poor Richard's almanac and create their own rebus illustration imbedding the Franklin quote in it. Use the attached rubric to grade this.
L. St. Gemme'
Charleston Middle School