What is it?
Cocaine is a powerful addictive stimulant drug. The powdered form of cocaine is either snorted or injected. Crack is cocaine that comes in a rock crystal that is heated and smoked. The term "crack" refers to the crackling sound produced by the rock as it is heated.
Many cocaine users report that they try to achieve the same experience as they had with their first use. Some users will increase their dose in an attempt to intensify and prolong the effect, but this can also increase the risk of adverse psychological or physiological effects.
Cocaine Street Names
Coke, Snow, Flake, Blow, Nose Candy, Snowball, Tornado, Wicky Stick, Perico, Yayo
Cocaine can kill you the first time you use it
Cocaine and crack cocaine are highly addictive
Regular cocaine and crack users can become paranoid
Regularly snorting cocaine can lead to loss of sense of smell, nosebleeds, problems with swallowing, hoarseness, and chronically runny nose
Mixing alcohol and cocaine is the most common cause of drug-combination related deaths
Cocaine can cause heart attacks even in young abusers
Increased body temperature
Increased heart rate and blood pressure
Abdominal Pain and nausea
Decreased Appetite-resulting in malnutrition
Irritability, restlessness, anxiety and paranoia
Paranoid psychosis (loss of touch with reality and auditory hallucinations)
Addiction or Dependence
Short Term Effects
The short term physiological effects of cocaine use include constricted blood vessels, dilated pupils, and increased body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure.
Cocaine users report feelings of restlessness, irritability, anxiety, panic, paranoia, tremors, vertigo, and muscle twitches.
Disturbances in heart rhythm and heart attacks. Neurological effects, including strokes, seizures, headaches, and coma. As well as gastrointestinal complications, including abdominal pain and nausea.
Scope of Cocaine
The national Survey of Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) estimates that in 2007 there were 2.1 million current (past-month) cocaine users, of which approximately 610,000 were current crack users. Adults ages 18-25 years have a higher rate of current cocaine use than any other age group, with 1.7 percent of young adults reporting past month cocaine use. Overall, men report higher rates of current cocaine use than women. Ethnic/ Racial differences also occur- with the highest rates in those reporting two or more races (1.1 percent), followed by Hispanics (1.0 percent), Whites (0.9 percent), and African-Americans (0.8 percent).
NIDA Info Facts: Crack and Cocaine, 2008, Central East Alcohol and Drugs (CEAD), EIU Counseling Center, Walter DUI and Counseling Services, ABBCON Counseling