Ecstasy

 

What is it? 

MDMA, known as Ecstasy, is a chemical that is usually taken orally as a capsule or tablet. It is a man-made drug that is chemically similar to both stimulants and hallucinogens. It distorts the perception of time and the sense of touch. Taking Ecstasy causes chemical changes in the brain that affect your mood, appetite and sleep.

Street names

 MDMA, Ecstasy, XTC, E, X, Beans, Adams, Hug Drug, Disco Biscuit, Go, Adam, hug, love drug, and more.

Facts

-Ecstasy can be addictive.

-MDMA (Ecstasy) can cause a marked increase in body temperature (hyperthermia). Hyperthermia can lead to muscle breakdown, which can in turn result in kidney failure. In addition, dehydration, hypertension, and heart failure may occur in susceptible individuals. Repeated use over a short interval of time can lead to high levels of the drug in the body—increasing the risk of harm.

-MDMA (Ecstasy) can have many of the same physical effects as other stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamines.

-There are no specific treatments for MDMA abuse and addiction.

-Ecstasy can cause you to become dehydrated or to drink too much water without realizing it. This can also be deadly because it upsets the salt balance in your body.

 Effects

Side effects: These include increases in heart rate and blood pressure—which present risks of particular concern for people with circulatory problems or heart disease—and other symptoms such as muscle tension, involuntary teeth clenching, nausea, blurred vision, faintness, and chills or sweating.

Long-term effects: In high doses, MDMA can interfere with the body’s ability to regulate temperature. On rare but unpredictable occasions, this can lead to a sharp increase in body temperature (hyperthermia), which can result in liver, kidney, cardiovascular system failure, or death. MDMA can interfere with its own metabolism (breakdown within the body); therefore, potentially harmful levels can be reached by repeated MDMA administration within short periods of time.

Scope of Drug

 In 2009, an estimated 760,000 people (0.3 percent of the population) in the United States aged 12 or older used MDMA in the month prior to being surveyed. Lifetime use increased significantly among individuals aged 12 years or older, from 4.3 percent (10.2 million) in 2002 to 5.7 percent (14.2 million) in 2009; however, past-year use of ecstasy decreased from 1.3 percent to 1.1 percent during the same period. Approximately 1.1 million Americans used ecstasy for the first time in 2009, which is a significant increase from the 894,000 first-time users reported in 2008.

 

 

 

Sources:

http://www.abovetheinfluence.com/facts/drugs-sources.aspx

http://www.nida.nih.gov/infofacts/ecstasy.html